What Is Strategy According To Scholars?

What Is Strategy According To Scholars?

Strategy (from Greek) is a high-level plan to achieve one or more goals under conditions of uncertainty. In the sense of the ‘art of the general’, which included several subsets of skills including tactics, siege craft, logistics etc., the term came into use in the 6th century in East Roman terminology.

What is strategy according to scholars?

Strategy (from Greek) is a high-level plan to achieve one or more goals under conditions of uncertainty. In the sense of the ‘art of the general’, which included several subsets of skills including tactics, siege craft, logistics etc., the term came into use in the 6th century in East Roman terminology.

What is strategy in management PDF?

Strategic management is defined as the process of evaluation, planning, and implementation designed to maintain or improve competitive advantage. The process of evaluation is concerned with assessment of the external and internal environments.

How does Porter define strategic positioning?

“Strategy should reflect a distinctive value chain that configures all key business processes and operations (operations, HRM, marketing, service delivery, etc.) in a unique way that is difficult for competitors to imitate (Porter, 2001).”

What is strategy Oxford dictionary?

/ˈstrætədʒi/ /ˈstrætədʒi/ (plural strategies) [countable] a plan that is intended to achieve a particular purpose.

What are the five different definitions of strategy?

Mintzberg developed his 5 Ps of Strategy as five different definitions of (or approaches to) developing strategy. He first wrote about the 5 Ps of Strategy in 1987. Each of the 5 Ps is a different approach to strategy. They are Plan, Ploy, Pattern, Position, and Perspective.

What is strategy according to different authors?

According to Chandler (1962), “Strategy is the determinant of the basic long-term goals of a firm and the adoption of courses of action and the allocation of resources necessary for carrying out these goals.”

What does a strategy department do?

A corporate strategy department functions as a coordinating body, developing and implementing strategies that satisfy the objectives of individual departments as well as promoting overall corporate goals.

What does a job in strategy mean?

Careers in strategy typically focus on long-term strategy, as they are internal employees. Corporate strategists can be hired as contractors but due to the nature of their employment, are usually tasked with short-term strategies and/or parts of long-term corporate strategies that need completing.

What is the use of GitLab CI Yml?

GitLab CI uses a YAML file ( . gitlab-ci. yml ) for project configuration. This file is placed in the root of the repository and defines the project’s Pipelines, Jobs, and Environments.

What is downstream pipeline in GitLab?

A downstream pipeline is any GitLab CI/CD pipeline triggered by another pipeline. A downstream pipeline can be either: A parent-child pipeline, which is a downstream pipeline triggered in the same project as the first pipeline.

What is a child pipeline?

Structure and architecture. Automation makes our life easier so let’s use it to generate a configuration file and its content for a child pipeline. At an abstract level, a child pipeline is an automated manifestation of generated processes that execute jobs in a direct acyclic way.

What is parent pipeline?

Informative handouts that can be printed and sent home. Parents are able to support and reinforce personalized goals when provided with an informative handout that matches their child’s in-school strategy work. Available in both English and Spanish.

How do I trigger a GitLab pipeline using api?

Create a trigger token


On the top bar, select Main menu > Projects and find your project.


On the left sidebar, select Settings > CI/CD.


Expand Pipeline triggers.


Enter a description and select Add trigger. You can view and copy the full token for all triggers you have created.

How do you trigger a pipeline from another pipeline in GitLab?

Go to Settings → CI/CD → Pipeline triggers → Add Trigger . It will create a trigger with a TOKEN string, which then can be copied into the curl command of gitlab-ci. yml of project A. Note: The triggers under only is necessary to define the rules.

What is a GitLab api?

The GitLab API allows you to perform many of the actions you typically do when using the user interface. Using the API allows us to automate the process and eliminate any user interaction. The GitLab API comes in two flavors: the REST API and the GraphQL API.

Does GitLab have a REST api?

GitLab provides a REST API for easy access using regular API requests. The GitLab API can also be accessed with GraphQL. Using GraphQL, you can make an API request for only what you need, and it’s versioned by default.

Do GitLab jobs run in parallel?

GitLab provides a method to make clones of a job and run them in parallel for faster execution using the parallel: keyword.
21 Jun 2021

Can a GitLab runner run multiple jobs?

One way to allow more jobs to run simultaneously is to simply register more runners. Each installation of GitLab Runner can register multiple distinct runner instances. They operate independently of each other and don’t all need to refer to the same coordinating server.

Which file is used to specify the jobs within the GitLab ci pipeline?

gitlab-ci. yml file. Jobs are: Defined with constraints stating under what conditions they should be executed.

What is manual job in GitLab?

Update: Manual actions were Introduced in GitLab 8.10. From the manual “Manual actions are a special type of job that are not executed automatically; they need to be explicitly started by a user. Manual actions can be started from pipeline, build, environment, and deployment views.

Can a GitLab project have multiple pipelines?

You can set up GitLab CI/CD across multiple projects, so that a pipeline in one project can trigger a pipeline in another project. You can visualize the entire pipeline in one place, including all cross-project interdependencies.

Why did GitLab pipeline fail?

A team’s build environment or servers could have problems, causing a failed pipeline. That’s a key reason why GitLab believes ephemeral builds are important, Brendan says. Ephemeral builds are reproducible meaning they’re going to not be impacted because the server went down.

How do you speed up ci?

5 Ways to Run Faster CI/CD Builds


Use more powerful machines.


Increase parallelization.


Use artifacts and cache.


Optimize tests.


Change CI/CD solution.


Keep your builds fast.