Do I Need A Handrail On My Deck?

Do I Need A Handrail On My Deck?

All decks higher than 30″ above grade must have a guardrail. If you choose to install a guardrail on a deck lower than 30″, the railing must still meet code requirements. Decks attached to single family detached homes are generally regulated under the rules of the International Residential Code (IRC).

At what height do you need a handrail on a deck?

The IRC requires guardrails to be at least 36″ in height measured from the deck surface to the top of the rail. Commercial decks attached to multifamily buildings, such as apartment buildings or businesses, are regulated under the Internation Building Code (IBC). The IBC requires 42″ high guardrails.

Do deck stairs need handrails?

So whether you’re constructing a residential composite deck, lumber deck or a deck made from other decking material, you’re typically required to install a graspable secondary handrail on one side of the deck’s stair railing when there are four or more stair risers present.

What is code for horizontal deck railing?

The IRC (International Residential Code) requires that deck railing be at least 36″ in height. This should be measured from the deck or porch surface to the top of the railing.

How deep do posts need to be for a deck?

On the safe side, dig your footings at least 48 inches deep, or check with your local code enforcement. Your deck will not pass inspection with inadequate footings and the posts can be forced up by frost when the ground freezes, known as “heaving” which can destroy it.

Should deck posts be set in concrete?

There are several ways to set deck posts; we recommend attaching the posts to concrete footers above the ground. This helps to prevent wooden posts from rotting. Set footers a minimum of 6 inches below the frost line for your area to prevent movement during freezing temperatures.

What size should deck support posts be?

Given that most decks are less than 12 feet tall or so, 6×6 posts can support the loads from nearly any typical deck framed with standard dimensional lumber, as the maximum spans of the joists and beams limit the area and the load any single post must support.

How far apart should 4×4 deck posts be?

Spacing of Deck Posts
The two most common sizes used for deck posts are 4×4 and 6×6. When using 4×4 posts, place them no more than 6 feet apart, and when using 6×6 posts, no more than 8 feet apart. The reason for these standards is that the railing system won’t have proper support if the posts are too far apart.

How far apart should posts be on a deck railing?

Spacing of Deck Posts
The two most common sizes used for deck posts are 4×4 and 6×6. When using 4×4 posts, place them no more than 6 feet apart, and when using 6×6 posts, no more than 8 feet apart. The reason for these standards is that the railing system won’t have proper support if the posts are too far apart.

How high can a deck be before handrail is needed?

If your deck is below 30 inches, a railing is not required. With that said, if you choose to build a deck, even if it is only 24 inches off the ground, that is still high enough that even an adult could injure themselves.

What is code for horizontal deck railing?

The IRC (International Residential Code) requires that deck railing be at least 36″ in height. This should be measured from the deck or porch surface to the top of the railing.

How tall does a deck railing need to be?

What is deck railing code height? Deck railing height should be a minimum of 36 inches; this should measure from the top edge of the top rail down to the the deck surface. This applies to the broad majority of the United States for all residential decks.

How long can a railing be without a post?

You’ll need to install posts on either side of the stringer where the stairs meet the deck, which will affect the spacing of the other posts on that side. For stairs with stringers more than 5.5 feet long, you’ll need to install additional posts between the head and foot of the stairs.

How far apart do deck rails need to be?

Spacing: In general, according to the International Building Code IBC, manufactured deck railing posts should be spaced no more than 8 feet apart. If deck railing posts are spaced further apart than 8 feet, it becomes exceedingly difficult to meet safety requirements given that they should withstand up to 200 lbs.
Aug 30, 2021

How high of a deck needs a railing?

According to the IRC, deck guardrails must be installed on any deck higher than 30 inches above grade. The deck guardrail height should be a minimum of 36 inches, as measured from the surface of the deck to the top of the rail.

What is code for deck stringers?

Span of Stringers
Stair stringers should not span more than 13 feet and 3 inches (4039 mm) for a closed stringer. Cut stringers should not span more than 6 feet (1829 mm). Refer to the American Wood Council’s 2018 Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide for stringer spans.

What is code for deck stair risers?

Exterior stair riser code
Exterior stair risers must comply with IBC section 1011.5 stair treads and risers. Stair risers height shall be 7 inches maximum and 4 inches minimum.
Mar 13, 2021

Do deck stairs need railings on both sides?

Do I Need Handrails On Both Sides of Deck Stairs? Nope. You don’t need a handrail on both sides, but you may need a railing if your deck is higher than 30″. Many contractors construct a combo handrail and stair rail system, installed on both sides, to cover all safety requirements.

What is the Michigan Code on steps?

The maximum riser height shall be 8¼ inches (210mm). The riser shall be measured vertically between leading edges of the adjacent treads. The greatest riser height within any flight of stairs shall not exceed the smallest by more than 3/8 inch (9.5mm). R311.

What is code for deck railing in Michigan?

Building Code Requirements
1. Decks with raised surfaces more than 30 inches above grade require guardrails at the perimeter of deck surfaces. 2. Guardrails must be a minimum of 36 inches in height and must adequately withstand lateral forces.

How many fire extinguishers do I need NFPA?

The minimum number of fire extinguishers you need per floor is outlined in table 13.6. 3.2. 1.1. To find this number one would take the total floor area and divide it by the maximum floor area to be protected per extinguisher.

Are fire extinguishers required in apartments in Michigan?

In Michigan, there is no legal requirement to furnish or possess a fire extinguisher, at all.

What are the codes for fire extinguishers?

Fire extinguishers are available in the following colour codes:

Blue (Dry Powder Extinguishers) …

Black (Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Extinguishers) …

Cream (Foam Extinguishers) …

Red (Water Extinguishers) …

Yellow (Wet Chemical Extinguishers)


What is code for stairs in NC?

311.2. 4 Treads and risers – The maximum riser height shall be 8-1/4 inches and the minimum tread depth shall be 9 inches, exclusive of nosing. The riser height shall be measured vertically between leading edges of the adjacent treads.